Monthly Garden To Do List

Things to Plant in October!

Flower Plants:

Ajuga, Alyssum, Bluebonnet, Butterfly Weed, Calendula, Candytuft, Carnation, Chinese Forget-Me-Not (Cynoglossum amabile), Clarkia (Godetia), Cornflower, Dianthus, Daisy (English and Painted), Euryops, Forget-Me-Not (Myositis), Gazania, Indian Blanket, Liatris, Nasturtium, Pansy, Penstemon, Petunia, Phlox (divaricate and paniculata), Obedient Plant (Physostegia), German Primrose (Primula obconica), Salvia farinacea, Sedum, Snapdragon, Stock.


Early-Mid Month: Beans, Summer Squash.

Mid-Late Month: Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Chinese Cabbage, Collards, Garlic, Kohlrabi.

Fruit: Prepare soil now for winter fruit tree planting.


  • Trick Poinsettias into holiday bloom. Beginning on the fall equinox (September 21/22) make sure potted plants get 14 hours of darkness every 24 hour period. Use a water-soluble fertilizer mixed about 1/4 strength with water watering. Plants should show color around Thanksgiving. At that point, restore them to bright, indirect sunlight and cut back on fertilizer.

Things To Do in October!


  • Feed chrysanthemums every 2-3 weeks until buds appear, then weekly until buds show color.
  • Fertilize roses, gardenias and magnolias.


  • Water trees and shrubs deeply and slowly.


  • Test soil every three years to help plan fertilizer applications. Start a compost pile with fall leaves and yard debris; shred with lawnmower. Replenish mulch in beds.

Lawn Care: 

  • Watch for brown patch in St. Augustine turf as temperatures cool.
  • Lawns with a history of the disease should be sprayed in late month and again in three weeks with Terraclor or Daconil.
  • Early morning is the best time to water lawns.
  • Mow every 5-7 days, leaving clippings on the lawn.

Diseases/Pests To Look For:

  • Watch roses for blackspot and mildew.
  • Fall webworms are easiest to control when treated early with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).


  • Remove dead and damaged wood from shrubs and trees.
  • Lightly prune pyracanthas so berries will show.